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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111-118

Prevalence of risk factors including cell phone use among patients with brain tumors

1 Department of Neurology, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
2 Department of Community, Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Rania S Nageeb
MD, Department of Neurology, Zagazig University, Zagazig
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-1083.183447

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Background Central nervous system tumors represent a major public health problem as they bear unfavorable clinical prognosis merely by their localization. Epidemiological data of central nervous system tumors in Egypt have been rather incomplete, although there are some regional reports. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between suspected risk factors including cell phone use and primary brain tumors. Patients and methods This study included 100 patients with a settled diagnosis of primary brain tumors and 100 controls. They were subjected to the following: detailed medical and neurological history taking with special emphasis on risk factors that are common with primary brain tumor. Data were obtained by means of personal interviews, designed to take full data about the suspected risk factors. Thorough general and neurological examination was carried out. All patients were investigated using routine laboratory investigations and MRI of the brain. Histopathological studies were carried out to confirm the nature of brain tumors. Patients with metastatic brain tumor and/or cancer outside the brain were excluded. Results Our study showed that urban residence was more prevalent in the patient group. Meningioma was higher among female patients, whereas other types of primary brain tumors were higher among male patients. Risk for primary brain tumors was significantly higher among patients with ipsilateral regular cell phone use of more than 10 years. The risk significantly increased in astrocytic tumors in relation to meningioma and other types of primary brain tumors. Conclusion Significant risk factors for primary brain tumors in our study were urban residence, female sex in meningioma, and ipsilateral regular cell phone use more than 10 years.

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