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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 172-175

Postaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage vasospasm: a review of the incidence of radiographic and clinical vasospasm

Department of Neurosurgery, Kasr Al-Ainy Medical School, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed M Ali Mahmoud
Department of Neurosurgery, Kasr Al-Ainy Medical School, Cairo University, Giza
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-1083.162024

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Background Vasospasm following ruptured intracranial aneurysms has always been a challenging condition to treat. Objective The aim of this study was to correlate between clinical and radiographic vasospasms after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to point out the other important causes of neurological deterioration. Methods This is a retrospective study conducted on 25 consecutive patients between June 2013 and February 2014 who presented with SAH. Altogether there were 18 male and seven female patients with ages ranging from 42 to 65 years. All patients underwent initial four-vessel or computed tomography (CT) angiography. All patients were treated by direct surgical clipping and all of them were operated upon 48-72 h from admission. All patients were assessed clinically and radiologically by CT scan and conventional angiography or CT angiography at day 10 of postbleeding. Results Out of 25 cases with aneurysmal SAH, 20 developed radiographic vasospasm, with only 11 cases developing clinical vasospasm. Conclusion The incidence of radiographic (angiographic) vasospasm was 80%, with only 55% of cases developing clinical vasospasm. Proper evaluation with laboratory tests and neuroimaging should be carried out in all cases to detect the actual cause of neurological deterioration and to start the proper treatment.

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